Gerrit supports a custom git superproject feature for tracking submodules. This feature is useful for automatic updates on superprojects whenever a change is merged on tracked submodules. To take advantage of this feature, one should add submodule(s) to a local working copy of a superproject, edit the created .gitmodules configuration file to have a branch field on each submodule section with the value of the submodule branch it is subscribing to, commit the changes, push and merge the commit.
When a commit is merged to a project, the commit content is scanned to identify if it registers git submodules (if the commit registers any gitlinks and .gitmodules file with required info) and if so, a new submodule subscription is registered.
When a new commit of a registered submodule is merged, Gerrit automatically updates the subscribers to the submodule with a new commit having the updated gitlinks.
Git Submodules Overview
Submodules are a git feature that allows an external repository to be attached inside a repository at a specific path. The objective here is to provide a brief overview, further details can be found in the official git submodule command documentation.
Imagine a repository called 'super' and another one called 'a'. Also consider 'a' available in a running Gerrit instance on "server". With this feature, one could attach 'a' inside of 'super' repository at path 'a' by executing the following command when being inside 'super':
git submodule add ssh://server/a a
Still considering the above example, after its execution notice that inside the local repository 'super' the 'a' folder is considered a gitlink to the external repository 'a'. Also notice a file called .gitmodules is created (it is a configuration file containing the subscription of 'a'). To provide the SHA-1 each gitlink points to in the external repository, one should use the command:
git submodule status
In the example provided, if 'a' is updated and 'super' is supposed to see the latest SHA-1 (considering here 'a' has only the master branch), one should then commit the modified gitlink for 'a' in the 'super' project. Actually it would not even need to be an external update, one could move to 'a' folder (insider 'super'), modify its content, commit, then move back to 'super' and commit the modified gitlink for 'a'.
Creating a New Subscription
Defining the Submodule Branch
This is required because submodule subscription is actually the subscription of a submodule project and one of its branches for a branch of a super project.
Since Gerrit manages subscriptions in the branch scope, we could have a scenario having a project called 'super' having a branch 'integration' subscribed to a project called 'a' in branch 'integration', and also having the same 'super' project but in branch 'dev' subscribed to the 'a' project in a branch called 'local-dev'.
After adding the git submodule to a super project, one should edit the .gitmodules file to add a branch field to each submodule section which is supposed to be subscribed.
As the branch field is a Gerrit specific field it will not be filled automatically by the git submodule command, so one needs to edit it manually. Its value should indicate the branch of a submodule project that when updated will trigger automatic update of its registered gitlink.
The branch value could be "'.'" if the submodule project branch has the same name as the destination branch of the commit having gitlinks/.gitmodules file.
If the intention is to make use of the Gerrit feature described here, one should always be sure to update the .gitmodules file after adding submodules to a super project.
If a git submodule is added but the branch field is not added to the .gitmodules file, Gerrit will not create a subscription for the submodule and there will be no automatic updates to the superproject.
Detecting and Subscribing Submodules
Whenever a commit is merged to a project, its content is scanned to identify if it registers any submodules (if the commit contains new gitlinks and a .gitmodules file with all required info) and if so, a new submodule subscription is registered.
Automatic Update of Superprojects
After a superproject is subscribed to a submodule, it is not required to push/merge commits to this superproject to update the gitlink to the submodule.
Whenever a commit is merged in a submodule, its subscribed superproject is updated.
Imagine a superproject called 'super' having a branch called 'dev' having subscribed to a submodule 'a' on a branch 'dev-of-a'. When a commit is merged in branch 'dev-of-a' of 'a' project, Gerrit automatically creates a new commit on branch 'dev' of 'super' updating the gitlink to point to the just merged commit.
Gerrit will only automatically update superprojects where the submodules are hosted on the same Gerrit instance as the superproject. Gerrit determines this by checking the hostname of the submodule specified in the .gitmodules file and comparing it to the hostname from the canonical web URL.
It is currently not possible to use the submodule subscription feature with a canonical web URL hostname that differs from the hostname of the submodule. Instead relative submodules should be used.
The Gerrit instance administrator group should always certify to provide the canonical web URL value in its configuration file. Users should certify to use the correct hostname of the running Gerrit instance to add/subscribe submodules.
To enable easier usage of Gerrit mirrors and/or distribution over several protocols, such as plain git and HTTP(S) as well as SSH, one can use relative submodules. This means that instead of providing the entire URL to the submodule a relative path is stated in the .gitmodules file.
Gerrit will try to match the entire project name of the submodule including directories. Therefore it is important to supply the full path name of the Gerrit project, not only relative to the super repository. See the following example:
We have a super repository placed under a sub directory.
To this repository we wish add a submodule "deeper" into the directory structure.
Now we need to edit the .gitmodules to include the complete path to the Gerrit project. Observe that we need to use two "../" to include the complete Gerrit project path.
path = subcomponent.git url = ../../product/framework/subcomponent.git branch = master
In contrast the following will not setup proper submodule subscription, even if the submodule will be successfully cloned by git from Gerrit.
path = subcomponent.git url = ../framework/subcomponent.git branch = master
If one has added a submodule subscription and drops it, it is required to merge a commit updating the subscribed super project/branch to remove the gitlink and the submodule section of the .gitmodules file.
Part of Gerrit Code Review